Andaman & Nicobar Island
If the mainland of India is a storehouse of myriad tourist spots, its
islands are not far behind as these tiny pieces of land offer the much
sought-after serenity and privacy for leisure travelers. Located in the Bay
of Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Island is a premier tourist attraction in
the country. Powder white beaches, swaying palm trees in the mild breeze,
lush, green rain forests, sound of waves breaking on a coral reef and
chirping rare birds all - of these are the major highlights of Andaman and
Nicobar Islands. This Union Territory of India homes some of the oldest
tribes in the world. The visitors have a choice either to indulge in
adventure activities as trekking, diving and snorkelling, or to lie down by
the sea and enjoy the cool breeze gently caressing your body.
This group of 572 islands lies 193 km away from Cape Negrais in
Myanmar, 1255 km from Calcutta, and 1190 km from Chennai. Situated in the
Bay of Bengal, these two important groups of islets are known as Ritchie's
archipelago and Labyrinth islands. Located to the south of the Andamans,
Nicobar islands are 121 km from Little Andaman island. Only 36 islands out
of 572 islands are inhabited. These islands are placed between the latitudes
6º to 14º North and longitudes 92º to 94º East.
All the 572 islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are formed by a
submarine mountain range, which separates the Bay of Bengal from Andaman
Sea. Maximum altitude of these islands reaches up to 730 m at Saddle Peak,
which is mainly formed of limestone, sandstone and clay.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands experience a tropical climate. It rains
here medium to heavy during the monsoon, and the period from May to
mid-September and November to mid-December. You would never experience
extreme climate here except rains and tropical storms in late summer that
often results in heavy damage.
Flora and Fauna
More than 3,000 species of plants including mangroves, epiphytes (130
ferns, 100 orchids), palms, woody climbers, timbers (teak, mahogany and
Andaman paduk) are harbored in the canopied rain forests of the islands. A
large variety of tropical fruits are also found here. Marine fauna is
diverse including a wide variety of tropical fish and coral. Considering the
diversity and uniqueness of fauna and flora and the fragile nature of the
eco-system here, 96 sanctuaries spread over 466.218 sq km and nine National
Parks spread over 1153.938 sq km have been notified on these islands.
Attractions & Activities
¤ Andaman Water Sports Complex
A number of
aqua-sport facilities including water-skiing, sail boats, windsurfing and
speed boats etc. are offered in this unique complex. Other possible and safe
water sports like paddle boats and row boats etc. are offered here. It's
equipped with one sea water swimming pool and a change room. Another
attraction here includes a Memorial for the Battle of Aberdeen fought
between Britishers and Andamanee aboriginals in 1859. You also can visit
nearly located amusement park which is equipped with roller coaster and
pleasure rides or a children traffic park adjacent to it.
The best way to enjoy under-water
marine life and view the rarest varieties of corals is by snorkeling in
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Carbyn's Cove Tourism Complex, Havelock
and other islands on all days from dawn to dusk depending on the weather.
¤ Island Camping
This is the most suitable way to
enjoy the sun, sea and the pristine beauty of nature by spending quiet
holidays right on the beach. You can avail tents on hire at all the Guest
Houses at very reasonable rates