: Wildlife in India
Wildlife in India
Wildlife in India will give you foretaste of that organic diversity, of
which India is so proud. More than 4% of India's land is covered by forest.
The ecologically varied India is abode to some of the rarest kind of flora
and fauna. It is also considered as one of the 12 mega diversity areas in
the world. It is the only country to have about 65% of the worlds
tigers and 85% of the worlds Asian one-horned rhinos. For its
miscellaneous vegetations and natural wealth, India is fast becoming a very
popular destination for animal lovers through out the world. Every year
thousands of wildlife enthusiasts throng here to discover the natural world
Indian Flora and fauna :
Be it desert, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests,
swamplands, plains, grasslands or riverine areas - political boundaries of
India covers a huge biodiverse regions. So naturally one will find here a
large population of wildlife which is residing in its lush forests. These
population include more than 372 mammal species, over 1200 bird species, 228
species of birds, over 30000 kinds of reptiles and innumerable insects. In
this long list you will find many endangered species of both the flora and
fauna. To protect this precious species India has many wildlife sanctuaries
and national parks, where you can have a glimpse of these wonderful natural
Some important Indian wildlife sanctuaries :
Corbett National Park
This beautiful and one-of-its-kind national park is situated at the foot
hills of the Himalayas. You will find here around 110 species of trees, 50
mammal species, 580 bird species and 25 reptile species.
Kaziranga National Park
217 km from the capital of Assam, situated in Jorhat Nawgaon district, the
Kaziranga National Park declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1985.
Along with the Great One-Horned Indian Rhino, the major attraction of
Kaziranga, you can also enjoy over 450 avian species and other animals.
Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
Located between Agra and Jaipur, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is a popular hub
of the avid bird watchers. Here you will find over 377 species of birds, of
which one third are migrants.
Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park has highest number of tiger populace for any
wildlife habitat in the country. This safe heaven is a dear haven of
hundreds of species of flora and fauna including the chausingha, chinkara,
fox, nilgai, chital and jackal. Besides animals you will also find there
around 250 species of birds.
Periyar National Park
Periyar National Park, also known as Thekkady Wildlife Sanctuary, situated
in God's own country Kerala. The best time to visit this sanctuary is in
between October to June.
It homes a wide range of wildlife including the tiger, leopard, barking
deer, nilgiri langur, sambhar, squirrels, wild boar and nilgiri tahr.
Ranthambore National Park
Spread over 392-sq-kms Ranthambore National Park is home to around 300
species of trees. It also houses 25 tigers, 40 leopards, 272 species of
birds with a large population of Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Mongoose, Indian
Hare, Monitor Lizards etc.
Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park is the beloved home of much talked about mammal
barasingha. Besides them you will also be able to spot there animals like
bison, mongoose, gaur, monkey, chital, hare, barking deer, jungle cat, black
buck and hyena. If you are interested in birding then you will be able to
find there storks, fly cathcers, pintails, orioles, egrets, woodpeckers,
spur fowl, finches, partridges, drongos and green pigeons.